Apa essay reference page

Henry, W. Making the grade in today's schools. Author, A. Year of publication.

APA Writing Style Guide

Title of chapter. Editor Eds. Bernstein, M. Smyth, A. Journal of Abnormal Eating , 8 3.

Using APA style for references and citations

Year, Month Day. Title of article. Title of Newspaper.

Citation Help for APA, 6th Edition: Formatting Your Paper

Dean, J. When the self emerges: Is that me in the mirror? Smith, T. Psychology Video Blog 3 [Video File]. Calfee, R. Duncan, G.

Overview of this guide:

The running head should appear flush with the upper left-hand corner of the page, and the page number should appear at the upper right-hand corner of the page. The title of the References page is capitalized and centered at the top of the page without any formatting, including bold, italics, underlining, or quotation marks. Each entry should be formatted as a hanging indentation: the first line of each citation should be flush with the left margin while each subsequent line of the citation is indented five spaces from the left margin. Though it will vary from source to source, the general structure of a print book citation is as follows:.

Author Last Name, Initials. Year of publication. Title of the work.

Last Updated

Publication city: Publishing Company. Electronic sources generally require more information than print sources, such as a uniform resource locator URL , a digital object identifier DOI , or the date the source material was accessed. Following is a list of sample citations for commonly used sources. Consult the current edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed.

Hoppensteadt, F. An introduction to the mathematics of neurons: Modeling in the frequency domain.

5 Facts You Need to Know About APA Citation – The blog

Pandi-Perumal, S. Neuroimmunology of sleep. New York, NY: Springer. Krauss, H. Zahner, H. Zoonoses: Infectious diseases transmissible from animals to humans. American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed. This page provides you with an overview of APA format. Included is information about referencing, various citation formats with examples for each source type, and other helpful information. This involves indicating that the work of other individuals is included in your project, which is one way to prevent plagiarism.

Thankfully, plagiarism can be prevented.

One way it can be prevented is by including citations and references in your research project. Want to make them quickly and easily? Try the Citation Machine citation generator, which is found on our homepage.


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This guide explains how to make them. APA style citations are added in the body of a research paper or project and references are added to the last page. When you add text word-for-word from another source into your project, or take information from another source and place it in your own words and writing style known as paraphrasing , you create an in-text citation.

These citations are short in length and are placed in the main part of your project, directly after the borrowed information.


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References are found at the end of your research project, usually on the last page. Included on this reference list page is the full information for any in-text citations found in the body of the project. These references are listed in alphabetical order by the author's last name. An APA in-text citation includes only three items: the last name s of the author s , the year the source was published, and sometimes the page or location of the information. References include more information such as the name of the author s , the year the source was published, the full title of the source, and the URL or page range.

Including APA citations and references in your research projects is a very important component of the research process. Believe it or not, there are instances when students and scholars attempt to include in-text and full references in the appropriate places, but still accidentally plagiarize. Here are some common mistakes to be aware of:.


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  8. Mistake 1 - Misquoting sources: If you plan to use a direct quote, make sure you copy it exactly as is. Sure, you can use part of the full quote or sentence, but if you decide to put quotation marks around any words, those words should match exactly what was found in the original source. Notice the slight change in the words. The incorrect phrasing is an instance of accidental plagiarism. Mistake 2 - Problems with paraphrasing: When we paraphrase, we restate information using our own words and writing style. One of the biggest being that kids have to explain everything.

    Notice how close the incorrect paraphrase is from the original.

    About APA Style

    This is an instance of accidental plagiarism. The American Psychological Association is an organization created for individuals in the psychology field. With close to , members, they provide educational opportunities, funding, guidance, and research information for everything psychology-related. They also have numerous high-quality databases, peer-reviewed journals, and books that revolve around mental health.

    The American Psychological Association is also credited with creating their own specific citation and reference style. Today, this format is used by individuals not only in the psychology field, but many other subject areas as well. Education, economics, business, and social sciences also use APA style quite frequently. Click here for more information. This guide covers general information about the style, but is not affiliated with the American Psychological Association. This format was first developed in to form a standardized way for researchers in science fields to document their sources.

    Prior to the inception of these standards and guidelines, individuals were recognizing the work of other authors by including bits and pieces of information in random order. You can probably imagine how difficult it was to understand the sources that were used for research projects! Having a standard format for citing sources allows readers to glance at a citation or APA reference and easily locate the title, author, year published, and other critical pieces of information needed to understand a source.

    APA style is currently in its 6th edition, which was released in In previous versions of APA format, researchers and scholars were required to include the date that an electronic resource was accessed.