Purdue owl research paper format

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All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This resource describes why outlines are useful, what types of outlines exist, suggestions for developing effective outlines, and how outlines can be used as an invention strategy for writing.

Why create an outline? There are many reasons, but in general, it may be helpful to create an outline when you want to show the hierarchical relationship or logical ordering of information.

This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.


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This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8 th ed. When you directly quote the works of others in your paper, you will format quotations differently depending on their length. Below are some basic guidelines for incorporating quotations into your paper.

MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications)

Please note that all pages in MLA should be double-spaced. To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks.

Welcome to the Purdue OWL

Provide the author and specific page number in the case of verse, provide line numbers in the in-text citation, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation.

Purdue OWL: MLA Formatting - The Basics

Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage, but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text. For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks.

Types of Outlines // Purdue Writing Lab

When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay. Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration:.


  • MLA Sample Works Cited Page // Purdue Writing Lab?
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  • MLA Formatting Quotations // Purdue Writing Lab?
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They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow. By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr. Earnshaw's door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house.